15 Chinese Troops Refused To Exit Indian Turf, Clashes Followed: 10 Facts

LEH/NEW DELHI(NDTV):  Indian and Chinese soldiers threw stones at each other, resulting in minor injuries, as they clashed along a major lake in Ladakh in the Western Himalayas after Indian border guards stopped Chinese troops from entering Indian territory. Senior army officials have not denied the encounter which raises tension between Beijing and Delhi at a time when the two countries are locked deep in confrontation at Sikkim in the Eastern Himalayas. Significantly, Chinese army officials did not attend a customary and ceremonial Independence Day meeting yesterday, though soldiers exchanged sweets just 25 kms from the stand-off in Sikkim.

15 Chinese Troops Refused To Exit Indian Turf, Clashes Followed: 10 Facts

 
Here are the 10 latest developments in this big story:
  1. The clashes in Ladakh are the first of their kind in years. India and China frequently accuse each other of intrusions into each other’s territories, but violence of any sort is rare.
  2. Chinese troops tried to enter Indian terrain yesterday along the banks of the Pangong Lake, two thirds of which is controlled by China, and is a popular tourist attraction on the Indian side of the border.
  3. The stand-off lasted two hours; no arms were used. The situation was brought under control after a drill which sees both sides holding up banners proclaiming their rights over the disputed area before stepping back to their respective positions.
  4. Soldiers of the Indo-Tibetan Border Police which patrols the border along with the army carried a flag that said in Chinese, “This area belongs to us please go back” but the Chinese soldiers refused, said sources.
  5. About 15 Chinese soldiers had crossed into Indian territory. Despite repeated warnings, they refused to retreat, resulting in stones being thrown by both sides.
  6. The two armies are already engaged in a standoff in the Doklam plateau across the border in Sikkim. China has repeatedly asked India to unilaterally withdraw from the Doklam area, or else face the prospect of an escalation. Chinese state media have warned India of a fate worse than its crushing defeat during the brief border war in 1962.
  7. The trouble started in June when India sent troops to stop China building a road in the Doklam area, which is remote, uninhabited territory claimed by both China and India’s ally Bhutan. India says it had warned that the road would be seen as a security violation because of its strategic location near the trijunction of the borders of India, China and Bhutan.
  8. India has offered that both sides withdraw troops to engage in dialogue, but Chinahas refused that option, though it cedes that diplomatic channels remain open.
  9. To guard its side of Lake Pangong, Indian forces are armed with high-speed interceptor boats, bought from the US, which can accommodate nearly 15 soldiers and are equipped with radars, infra-red and GPS systems. These boats are used to conduct reconnaissance and area domination patrols.
  10. The Chinese army was intercepted by Indian patrols repeatedly in 2013, when Beijing sent its soldiers into Indian turf in a freezing plateau in Ladakh, leading to a three-week-long confrontation seen as the worst border violation in years near Daulat Beg Oldi, close to an air strip India uses to support troops on the Siachen glacier.