Sivasagar, Prangan Duarah: Known for its captive beauty, Jammu, and Kashmir, The “paradise on earth”, undoubtedly one of the most beautiful places in India. Jammu and Kashmir contains an exceptional amount of natural beauty and cultural diversity. Lies on the peaks of Himalayan Ranges with varying topography and culture, Jammu and Kashmir now become the apple of discord between two countries. Along with its natural beauty nowadays Jammu and Kashmir is mainly known for conflicts, communal riot, and its unstable conditions, which become a part of the daily newspaper. If we look back into the history of Jammu and Kashmir, it is believed that in the 14th century Jammu was founded by Raja Jamboolochan during one of his hunting campaigns. The king was impressed and decided to set up a town after his name, Jamboo. With the passage of time, the name was corrupted and became “Jammu”. According to one “folk etymology”, the name “Kashmir” means “desiccated land”, on the other hand, another folk etymology, following Hindu mythology, the sage Kashyapa drained a lake to produce the land now known as Kashmir. Fighting in Kashmir has been going on for years, several peacemaking treaties have been implemented but still it seems like becoming more and more violent.
Now the question is why J&k is so important to India and Pakistan? What is the root cause of these conflicts? The instability of J&k started just after the partition of India and Pakistan in1947. The partition of the Indian subcontinent along religious lines led to the formation of India and Pakistan. Because of its location, Kashmir could choose to join either India or Pakistan. Maharaja Hari Singh, the ruler of Kashmir, was unable to decide which nation Kashmir should join, Hari Singh chose to remain neutral. But his hopes of remaining independent were dashed in October 1947, as Pakistan sent in Muslim tribesmen who were knocking at the gates of the capital Srinagar. Hari Singh appealed to the Indian government for military assistance and fled to India. He signed the Instrument of Accession, ceding Kashmir to India on October 26. Indian and Pakistani forces thus fought their first war over Kashmir in 1947-48. After this war, the issue takes a political turn which is still unsolved. The Jammu and Kashmir conflicts were mainly established by political leaders and their wrong decisions. India and Pakistan have fought three wars over Kashmir, including the Indo-Pakistani Wars of 1947 and 1965, as well as the Kargil War.
The results of these conflicts are the death of thousands of people. Have you ever imagined how people of these regions are surviving? It is very difficult to understand their unstable condition just by watching a few debates and reading articles and news about J&k. but yes now every Indian people can at least have an idea about how much the people of J&k is suffering. Right from the beginning, The Muslim League claimed Kashmir for Pakistan, since the region of Jammu & Kashmir is a Muslim-dominated state with a sizable minority population. During India and Pakistan division 1947, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the leader of the movement wanted every Muslim-majority region in India to be a part of his new country.
By that time 75% of the Kashmir region was Muslim and thus Jinnah wanted this to be a part of his new nation. But the last king chooses to join India; therefore, the region belongs to India. Its history & culture is similar to the rest of India and the many religions habiting this region will die under an Islamic state of Pakistan. The status of Hindus in Pakistan is infinitely worse than that of the Muslims in India. Nowadays the Line of Control (LOC) between India and Pakistan is perhaps the most dangerous place in the world. Both India and Pakistan have their own political reasons for continuing the fighting, which is affecting the life of Kashmiri people. After gathering all these data about J&k I found that the root cause of these J&k conflict is mainly a Hindu-Muslim conflict. Seriously! Why do we still think that Hindus and Muslims are enemies? I have the answer. It is because of a few leaders and media persons, who can easily brainwash general public. Hindus and Muslims fight because of the lack of this realization. We are still not able to understand the trick played by British with us, which is called “Divide and rule” policy. Realization and awareness can set the end of these conflicts. But for that, we need good leaders.