Government schemes for development of North-East India

Sivasagar, Prangan Duarah: North East Region of India, which has been persistently neglected last few decades by the Indian government, now seems to receive importance in development areas under present NDA government. It seems that NDA government has been focusing on the development of the North-Eastern region. A large number of initiatives have been undertaken by NDA governments for the development of this reason which includes transportation, highways, education, a potential market development etc. Here, we list out a few initiatives which have been taken by the present Indian government for the North-Eastern region.

1.Pradhan Mantri gram sadak yojana and Pradhan Mantri Gram Paraivahan Yojana

It is very important to develop infrastructures of rural areas since our economy is dependent on rural development. A good infrastructure of transportation facilities can boost up the rural economy.  The Centre plans a comprehensive rural transport system to complement two decades of building a web of roads in the countryside through an ambitious scheme, the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna (PMGSY). Along with the other part of the country, rural areas of NE region get the advantage of this scheme. After ths gram sadak Yojana, the government launched Pradhan Mantri Gram Paraivahan Yojana, which aim provides connectivity and employment to the remote villages. This pilot plan is specially designed for 20 remote areas of the NE region.

2. Ishan Uday

The UGC has launched a special scholarship Scheme for students of North East Region Ishan Uday from the academic session 2014-15. The Scheme envisages grant of 10,000 scholarships to students from North East Region whose parental income is below Rs. 4.5 lakh per annum and would be provided scholarship ranging from Rs. 3,500 to 5,000 per month for studying at an undergraduate level in Colleges/Universities of the country.Ishan Vikash

3. Ishan Vikash

Ishān Vikash is a comprehensive plan to bring selected students from the school and college levels from the North-Eastern states into close contact with the IITs, NITs, and IISERs during their vacation periods. A typical visit is envisaged for a period of ten days to one of these institutions, in the form of either an exposure or an Internship programmed. Each school will send one teacher to accompany a group of about 32 students of class IX and X and 8 teachers. The college students would be organized in two groups in summer and in winter, consisting of 32 students each group. About 2016 college students and 504 teachers from N-E will be visiting premier Institutes, like IIT/NIT/IISERs in an academic year.

4. Transportation related policies

A special highways construction agency for the North East – the National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation was created on 2014. According to the source till date, it is implementing 34 projects in the North Eastern States covering a length of 1001 km at a total cost of over Rs 10,000 crore. Railways have undertaken a major expansion in the region at a cost of around Rs 10,000 crore. About 900 km of Broad Gauge in the last two years has commissioned by Indian Railway in North East region. In addition, a 132 km part of third alternative connectivity route to North East has been commissioned. Recently the government has declared that they are going to launch a new airline based out off Guwahati which would connect all state capital in the country.

5. Power generation and power transmission

At a cost of around Rs, 10,000 crores are invested by the government power transmission projects covering all the eight North Eastern states.  These schemes include North- East biggest solar power project in Tripura, 16 hydro-electric projects, and various renewable energy projects. This would ensure power to more areas. The recent commissioning of Bishwanath-Chariyali-Agra transmission line has also brought 500 MegaWatt additional capacities to the region.

It is hoping that these schemes will give a big flip to the present condition of the North-East region but the only time will tell how effective these schemes are for the North-Eastern region.