Sivasagar, Prangan Duarah: If you are aware of the daily news or you have a relation with any social networking site; last few days would have seen a brief blast of activity on news channels, newspapers, twitter, Facebook and in other social media pages and in web pages. The issue is India’s membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group. Now, what is Nuclear Supplier group (NSG)? Why NSG membership is important for India? Well, Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) is a group of nuclear supplier countries that seek to prevent nuclear proliferation by controlling the export of materials, equipment and technology that can be used to manufacture nuclear weapons. In 1974 – the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) was created following the explosion in 1974 of a nuclear device by a non-nuclear-weapon State, which demonstrated that nuclear technology transferred for peaceful purposes could be misused. India has been pushing for NSG membership since 2008 and there has been increasing appreciation for Indian nuclear controls and capabilities since then.
India’s entry into NGS was important because, by 2040, India wants to become a nation which is solely dependent on clean energy technology. Since production of electricity from nuclear reactors is considered as the clean form of energy so, India needs NSG membership to build nuclear reactors, provide clean energy. An NSG membership would give India access to advanced nuclear technology. It presently does not have such access and has to rely on nuclear powers such as Russia and the US. India would gain a platform to access to the international market for export as well as for import of nuclear-related materials. India could also commercialize the production of nuclear power equipment, which will boost innovation and high-tech manufacturing in India-a fillip to ‘Make in India’. Another reason for which NSG membership was important for India because India would gain a platform to voice it concerns regarding about non-proliferation policies, whose objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament and ensure that major non-discriminatory reforms are put in place.
There are no second thoughts about the efforts for India by our Prime Minister Narendra Modi to get India into the Nuclear Supply Group (NSG). 47 out of 48 members supported India’s application at the group’s special plenary session which was held in Seoul. But the only reason for which decision was taken against Indian request was China, who was opposing India’s stand. But it is still not clear that why china doesn’t want India as an NSG member.