Sivasagar, Prangan Duarah: About 1,800 mi (2,900 km) long and the average depth of 124 ft., The Brahmaputra is the one of the Major river system in the India, as well as all of the Asia. From its birth place Angsi glacier, which is located on the northern side of the Himalayas in Tibet as the Yarlung Tsangpo River, it flows across southern Tibet to break through the Himalayas in great gorges and into Arunachal Pradesh, where it is known as Dihang or Siang. It flows southwest through the Assam Valley as The river Brahmaputra. No river has played a greater part in the development and culture of Assam than the mighty Brahmaputra. The mighty Brahmaputra- forms important influence on Assamese culture. The fertile land of the Brahmaputra attracted settlers from various regions of India as well as from many other parts of Asia.
The Brahmaputra is popularly known as ‘Luhit’, which is derived from Assamese word “Lohit” means Blood, and “Burha Luit”, which represents the ancientness of the river in Assam. According to the mythological story, people of Assam believed the story of Parashurama, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, who murdered his own mother by obeying his father’s order. After this terrible incident the axe he used to murder his mother got stuck in his hand. After getting advice to visit holy places he started on a journey and he reached the place in Arunachal Pradesh, which is presently known as “Parashuram Kunda”. The story says that the mighty Brahmaputra was then confined to a small lake surrounded by hills which is locally known as “Kunda”. Parashuram cut down the hills on one side to release the sacred water for the benefit of the common people. Axe came out of his hand after this holy work.
The fertile valley of this river is the lifeline of Assam. The river takes its name after entering Sadiya onwards and flows majestically in the Assam Valley for a distance of about 720 km, which is known as “Brahmaputra valley”. The great Ahom king Suakapha established his great Ahom kingdom in Brahmaputra valley at the end of his long journey from his homeland Yun-nan in 1228. The mighty Ahom Dynasty ruled the region for more than six hundred years. Majuli, the river island of Assam is the art, culture and religious capital of Assam till date. In upper Assam, Brahmaputra serves an excellent inland water transport route. But nowadays people address this river as a river of Sorrow because the floods caused by the Brahmaputra in Assam Valley effect on an average area of 8 to 10 lakh sq km. Several factors are responsible for the recurrence of flood in Assam which also includes “bor-bhumikampa” (earthquake) of 1950. Hundreds of villages along the river Brahmaputra and its tributaries get submerged and get cut off. Many people lose their houses. Thousands are rendered homeless. Properties and goods worth crores of rupees get destroyed. Standing crops are damaged. Cattle and valuable goods are washed away.
So, are we really concerned about our economic losses of our land? And if yes, then what exactly we are doing to overcome this?