Barpeta, Assam, 22 July-2014(Shazida Khatun): All Assam Students Union (AASU) may be the highest popular non government organization in Assam as the post independent Assam history says like so. There is no need to discuss about their aims and objectives as those are known to all live in Assam.
Recently Dr Samujjal Kumar Bhattacharya, the open market chief adviser of the AASU, has reacted on foreigner issue as he has said that according to Assam accord all the people living in Assam those came to Assam before 25th March 1971 are indigenous residents. He added that there will be no caste, religion bar on this cut off condition. We accept that it is good thoughts for Assam and Assamese people which surely influenced for greater Assamese society in near future. But reality shows another picture of their thoughts. It is never seen that AASU has invited any Muslim organization to work with them or any consultation meet or any joint seminar of Muslim non political organization even they never keeps Muslim non political organization trust worthy as my personal experience says this. (It is mentioned that I am working with various non political organizations since 1983). Our discussion on validity of Dr S.K. Bhattacharya says that he and his organization are always soft on Bengali Hindus those come from Bangladesh even they never utter single word against them but why? Recently saffron brigade led central government shows soft eyes on Bengali Hindus those are living in Assam or other parts of the nation. AASU’s silence says the similar tone on the issue. Actually common Assamese people think other direction on the issue. Bangladeshis are Bangladeshi and there should not any difference on their caste or religion.
Now come to the point of Assamese Muslim and Assam
As per the history of medieval Assam says that Muslim came to Assam before the Ahom came here. It was 1205 (AC), Ali Mecch was the first Muslim in Assam who was the leader of Mecch community and converted to Islam which means it was 25 years before the Ahom cam to Assam. That was the starting of Muslim resident in Assam . It was naked truth that Ali Mecch just converted his religion but his culture and tradition was still Assamese as large number of proofs we have seen and concerned people know it. Another source says that Turkey’s army attacked China in 1205 (AC) and a few were returning via Assam and they had failed to cross Assam some unknown facts and stayed Assam permanently. Latter Mughal, Gaur and much more Muslim community came here and accepted Assam as their mother land. Such way, Muslim community becomes the integral parts of Assam and Assamese culture. Assamese Muslim are divided in 7 divisions on the basis of their works as well as their previous geo-biological connections. Here are the divisions with short description.
1.Goria: This division of Assamese Muslims are the successor of Gour people those came to Assam in 13th century with Gour Army and there after Mughal Army. Some were staying Assam as prison of war and some were staying Assam willingly where a few of them were Islam preachers such Azan Phakir, Giasuddin Aulia etc. It is mention that all the Garias are Muslim but all Assamese Muslims are not Goria.
2. Sayed : It is claimed that Sayed division of Assamese Muslim are the directly biologically successor of Prophet Hazrat Mohammad(PUH). However, these people also similar to Goria people as they had cam to Assam either with invader army or Islamic preachers.They were mainly religious leaders and performed religious tasks such marriages, rituals, education etc.
3. Moria: Moria division of Assamese Muslims was prisoners of war and local king or land lord offered them to work as their professional skills. Normally they were skilled in Brass metal kitchen products. Still their successors are doing the same job.
4. Deshi(Ujani) indigenous: This division of Assamese Muslims was purely resident of Assam. These people live in present days’ Goalpara, Bongaigaon, Dhuburi and a parts of Barpeta district.It is said that Ahom king Chakradhabj Shing offered a part of his kingdom to BABA Rukunuddin Sah as a gift and the king also converted to Islam.So a few of his successors and family members were converted to Islam. A book on Goalpara says that a large portion of his subjects were also converted to Islam and they are the Ujani Muslim. Even 200 years that portion of Assam was under Mughal rule as it was fixed the boundary of Mughal and Ahom as Manah river after the Itaghuli battle.
5.Manipuri Muslim: Undivided Cachar district bears Manipuri Muslim as their forefathers came from Manipur and converted to Islam in touch with Bengali Muslim as the part of Assam was ruled by Mughal more than 400 years. They are still carrying Manipuri culture but accept Assam as their mother land.
6. Jola (Wavier): Muslim tea garden workers, those were brought to Assam by British from Jharkhand and Bihar. Now only a few thousands are working in tea gardens and rest are ex tea garden workers. They are still using their Sadri and Nagpuri culture but educated portion has already accepted Assamese culture.
7. Mia Muslim (East Bengal Rooted Muslim): Major portion of Assamese Muslim belongs to this community. This people were brought to Assam by Assam government (then) to cultivate free lands in 19th and 1st decade of 20th century. They are mainly Bengali speaking people but officially they accepted Assamese as their mother tongue. This is the only community in the world having 1 crore (approx) population was accepted others language as their mother tongue. They have already mixed up with main stream Assamese culture.
It is mention that there is vast difference with Barak Valley Mia Muslim and Brahmaputra Valley Mia Muslim on culture and speaking languages. Their education and official language is Assamese and educated portion of this community is already mixed with main stream Assamese culture. Here is the million dollars question comes, why doesn’t AASU and so called guardian organizations of Assam take them in believe for common interest? A few Intellectuals had raised the question several times but no reply comes yet from them. Now the time has come to re think about Assam and future of Assamese people. Someone can accepts or not but there is no doubt, Assamese Muslim is the integral part of Assam and Assamese cultural.