Guwahati, February 11, Jasmine Ahmed: Tarun Gogoi the Chief Minister of Assam, lambasted the candidate…
Guwahati: If I want to give definition in single sentence then, Brajavali was a literary language used by Sankardev (1449–1568) for some of his compositions (Borgeets and Ankia Naats) in the context of his Vaishnavite. “Karatala Kamala” the first poem written by Mahapurush Srimanta Sankardev before he was taught the vowel which has started a new genre of literature in the Assamese language. Saint Sankardeva was not only the founder of the Vaishnavite movement in Assam but also the first person to exercise the use of Assamese prose in writing.
Along with his socio-cultural background, he was also known as a leading playwright and director of Assam as well as India. His maiden play “Chihna yâtrâ” launched the movement of regional plays in the modern Indian languages. The prose used by the playwright is known as Brajawali. Brajawali is a language which plays a significant role in Assamese society to unite the people of Assam as well as to bring a reform to the Assamese literature history.
karatala kamala kamaladala nayana |
bhavadava dahana gahana vana sayana ||
napara napara para satarata gamaya |
sabhaya mabhaya bhaya mamahara satataya ||
kharatara varasara hatadasa vadana |
khagachara nagadhara fanadhara sayana ||
jagadagha mapahara bhavabhaya tarana |
parapada layakara kamalaja nayana ||
Brajawali was a literary language used by many scholars like Madhaba kandali, shankardev, Madhabdev etc to compose their devotional lyrics, among which Shaankardev was the earliest composer of these lyrics in brajawali. According to the S. N Sharma Brajawali, is an artificial language, a blend of Maithili with the then Assamese language. it was found that the similar languages were used in the Vaishnavite contexts in Odisha and Bengal too, but the one used in Assam was different, as it was based on Maithili which is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in Mithila state of Nepal and written in the Devanagari script, to which Assamese and a sprinkling of Western Hindi was added.