India is coordinating with various countries to ensure an "equitable and balanced" agreement at the…
BERLIN: India said on Thursday that it would increase the share of clean energy in its total energy mix by as much as 40%, by the target year of 2030.
While submitting its 38-page ‘climate action plan’ to a UN body in Bonn, Germany, India added that it would fight climate change by taking the energy efficiency route and by substantially reducing its ’emission intensity’, which is measured by the amount of carbon emissions per unit of GDP.
“India’s goal is to reduce overall emission intensity and improve energy efficiency of its economy over time and at the same time protecting the vulnerable sectors of economy and segments of our society.”
The ‘Climate Action Plan’ of individual countries is called the ‘Intended Nationally Determined Contribution’ (INDC), in climate-change negotiation parlance. India met the ‘informal’ deadline of October 1, for submission of its INDC.
READ ALSO: India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution
India did clarify that its INDC does not bind it to any sector-specific mitigation, obligation or action, including in the agriculture sector. India explained that it would reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33% -35% by 2030, from 2005 levels. It sought cooperation from the developed world to achieve about 40% cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources by 2030. Non-fossil fuel-based energy includes solar, wind, bio-mass and nuclear. It said this target would be achieved with the help of transfer of technology and low-cost international finance, including from the Green Climate Fund.
“The successful implementation of INDC is contingent upon an ambitious global agreement including additional means of implementation to be provided by developed country parties, technology transfer and capacity building.”
India in its plan emphasised that it would propagate “a healthy and sustainable way of living based on traditions and values of conservation and moderation.”
All 196 member countries of the United Nations Framework Convention of the Climate Change (UNFCCC) were expected to submit their climate action plan by Oct. 1, specifying how they will check global warming and fight climate change under a post-2020 agreement. So far, only 148 countries have submitted their INDCs to the UNFCCC. As the deadline was an informal one, many countries are expected to submit their INDCs over the next couple of weeks.
These INDCs, comprising mitigation (emission cut promises) and adaptation measures, will form the basis of climate negotiations in Paris during the ‘conference of parties’ (COP21) in November-December.
In its detailed ‘climate action plan’, India explained how it would achieve these targets so that it can protect the environment without compromising its developmental goals which are important for it to eradicate poverty and ensure energy access to all its citizens.
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“To achieve the above contributions (promises), India is determined to continue with its ongoing interventions, enhance the existing policies as detailed in previous sections and launch new initiatives,” India’s INDC said.
Accordingly, it listed the following priority areas in its INDC:
* 1) Introducing new, more efficient and cleaner technologies in thermal power generation.
* 2) Promoting renewable energy generation and increasing the share of alternative fuels in overall fuel mix.
* 3) Reducing emissions from transportation sector.
* 4) Promoting energy efficiency in the economy, notably in industry, transportation, buildings and appliances.
* 5) Reducing emissions from waste.
* 6) Developing climate resilient infrastructure.
* 7) Full implementation of Green India Mission and other programmes of afforestation.
* 8) Planning and implementation of actions to enhance climate resilience and reduce vulnerability to climate change.
India’s INDC explained that it has revisited the National Missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change in the light of new scientific information and technological advances and identified new missions or programs on wind energy, health, waste to energy and coastal areas.
It said it is also redesigning the National Water Mission and National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture.
All the countries are expected to come out with a global climate deal after the COP21 in December, deciding what the 196 nations will do after 2020 — in their respective individual capacities — to save the world from the disastrous consequences of climate change.